It is the responsibility of a healthcare center to provide a healthy and safe environment, proper care to the patients and ensure that they are as much as comfortable as they can, while their stay in the hospital and return home healthy and satisfied. Clean and comfortable linens are essential for the safety of the patient, as well as the pleasant appearance and neatly attired crisp uniforms of the patients, which sells the hospital much in public.
In order to do so, hospitals must ensure that they provide the patients with the best quality of linen, which are cleaned professionally to remove germs and toxins and to prevent the spread of infections. Linens must be hygienically cleaned to be reused. It is essential as a washed medical linens to make the patients comfortable and relieved after already being in a stressful hospital setting. Every patient deserves such a level of respect and service.
Clean bedsheets are of importance as there are contagious germs that usually remain over the bedsheets gowns and linens, which can quickly contact other people if not properly sanitized. This is not acceptable.
Ways of Contamination of Sheets and Linens
An expanding number of specialists are researching how these polluted materials (counting protection drapes, upholstery, attire, and so forth.) act as a vehicle for cross-tainting and transmission of multidrug-safe life forms (MDROs, for example, Clostridium difficile, vancomycin-safe enterococci (VRE), methicillin-safe Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Studies demonstrate that microorganisms shed by patients can sully emergency clinic surfaces at fixations adequate for transmission and that these pathogens endure and persevere for stretched out periods despite endeavors to clean or evacuate them and can be moved to the hands of healthcare services faculty.
Without convenient intercession, security drapes in emergency clinics can become reproducing reason for safe microscopic organisms, representing a danger to quiet wellbeing.
MRSA is the most common hospital-acquired infection. Researches have shown that the private rooms where patients had direct contact become contaminated with MRSA over time. Studies show that fourteen days is the minimum amount of time after which private rooms curtains should be changed to prevent significant morbidity and mortality associated with MRSA infection
Studies indicate a large number of the issues presented by insufficient cleaning of clinic beds. It was supported that purification ought to be performed once per week in situations where patients were at specific danger of contamination.
The ideal bed material depicted was what is effortlessly washed and dried and has the most reduced potential to harbor microorganisms. Also, it is reaffirmed that pads and beddings warrant the best degree of consideration because of their closeness to patients experiencing care. The right support of capacity presses and streetcars as a significant aspect of any purification procedure is featured as a region that ought likewise to be considered as a component of such a technique.
A healthy individual possesses many bacteria that reside in certain parts of the body as their natural habitat. For example, skin, nose, throat, perineum, and vagina. They usually do not harm the body. Humans are protected from dangerous infections and microorganisms due to the presence of immunity, both innate and adaptive.
A person constantly sheds skin, hair, saliva, and sebaceous particles from his body onto the beds, which results in the accumulation of microorganisms within the linens. These microorganisms can prove fatal for those individuals who are immunocompromised or have an underlying disease like asthma. The presence of dust and dust mite allergens can also elicit a hypersensitivity reaction in susceptible individuals.
Some factors that contribute to increased contamination rates in beddings and pillows are: pillows getting old with time and low frequency of cleanings as well as poor quality of sleep.
What Is A Thread Count?
Thread count is the total number of fibers that are present in per square inch of fabric. A high thread count is thought to be of high quality because of its durability and softness.
When you go to the store or online to look for the hospital sheets, you will often notice a number of T100. What does it mean? T is for the thread count, and 100 means that there are 50 horizontal and 50 vertical lines arranged in a crisscross pattern as the thread count shows the number of threads per inch in both directions. Similarly, T300 means 150 horizontal and 150 vertical lines in both directions.
For hospital bedsheets, T130 is set as a standard. It is of a low thread count, which makes it cheap as compared to the high-quality ones, which are usually costly, more durable, and comfortable. T130 sheets are also durable enough to be washed multiple times. But because these are bought in bulks, low-cost healthcare sheets are preferred. You can still opt for high thread count healthcare sheets if you like.
Comparison of High and Low Thread Counts
When we compare the high and low thread counts, we need to look at different factors and then decide which is better. High thread count means more comfortable and durable stuff. But factors like fiber weave, cost, and quality need not be neglected.
54 X 80 X 12 | T-200 Hotel & Motel Fitted Sheets No Iron Finish$225.50
54 X 75 X 15 | T-200 Hotel & Motel Fitted Sheets No Iron Finish$234.88
39 X 80 X 12 | T-200 Hotel & Motel Fitted Sheets No Iron Finish$192.46
108 X 115 | T-200 Hotel & Motel Flat Sheets No Iron Finish$298.86
42 X 36 | T-200 Hotel & Motel Pillow Case No Iron Finish Mercerized$124.99
39 X 75 X 7 | T-130 Fitted Sheets$200.20
36 X 84 X 7 | T-130 Fitted Sheets$215.15
36 X 80 X 7 | T-130 White Fitted Sheets$204.43
30 X 75 X 6 | T-130 Fitted Sheets$163.15
54 X 90 | T-130 Draw Sheets$189.48
54 X 81 | T-130 Draw Sheets$169.33
Which Thread Count Is The Best?
Which Thread Count Is The Best In Sheets.
Thread count with a range of 250-350 is considered to be the best. It is better than those of counts above 500 and below 300. Sheets ranging from 200-800 are also regarded as exemplary.
Only high count like 1000 or 1500 does not matter. Similarly, low count fabrics do not mean that they are of low quality. There are some of the range of 200 that, if finished nicely, prove better than high count fabrics, for example, T130 sheets, which are commonly used hospital sheets.
The main thing is that the best range of sheets matters, along with the fabrics’ content and construction.
Qualities of a Good Sheet
Important qualities of a good sheet are moisture repellency, smooth surface, good tensile strength, dry efficiency, low flammable, easily sanitizable, good visual appearance, microbial repellent, and non-irritant.
Ways of Making Fabrics of Sheets
Fabrics used commonly for hospital bed healthcare sheets may be either woven or knitted. Woven means that the two threads are interlaced in different directions. Incorporated means that the threads are meshed in the form of loops to form rows that make up the fabric
Regardless of whether a sheet is woven or sewn influences how it acts. Woven textures are progressively steady. They don’t extend such a lot and are more averse to create gaps or holes.
The regular medical clinic sheet found in medicinal services establishments over the world is woven muslin cotton or poly-cotton sheet of a genuinely low string tally or thread count. These sheets are modest and concrete, even though they are not as delicate or agreeable as progressively costly sheets.
Percale is another woven texture frequently utilized in medical clinic sheets. It is a higher thread count of – over 180 – and is made of cotton or a mix of cotton and polyester. Percale sheets are regularly milder, progressively breathable, increasingly agreeable, and have more durability than muslin sheets.
Percale sheets are a good option for a home clinic bed sheets, as are other top-notch cotton sheets, including Pima and Egyptian cotton.
As compared to woven, knitted sheets are gentler, thicker, and hotter than woven textures. They are likewise increasingly stretchy. It ought to be noticed that the thread count criteria is not utilized for weaved sheets. Instead, they are evaluated by the heaviness of the texture in ounces. Higher loads mean milder, thicker, progressively solid sheets.
A drawback of weaved textures is their inclination to catch and create runs, something that doesn’t influence woven textures.
When would it be a good idea for you to pick a weaved texture or a woven texture? Woven textures are excellent for standard emergency clinic beds, yet there are a few conditions where sewn textures are ideal.
Knitted fabrics can extend, which makes them more averse to untuck or come free when flexible emergency clinic beds are gone here and there. A fitted sewed sheet is a superb alternative in this situation.
Whenever utilized effectively, fitted sheets made of weaved material are additionally a decent decision for patients in danger of skin shear or bedsores.
Types of Fabrics for Hospital Sheets
Most medical clinic sheets are made of cotton or a mix of polyester and cotton (poly-cotton). Cotton and cotton mixes are sufficiently sturdy to be washed and dried on many occasions at high temperatures. They are delicate, agreeable, and breathable.
Manufactured textures, for example, nylon and acrylic, are not regularly utilized for clinic sheets since they are less impervious to visit washing and drying, effectively pilling or in any event, creating gaps.
You can utilize silk sheets and comparative textures on medical clinic beds. However, their absence of contact may cause security and solace issues for patients with constrained versatility who can only with significant effort change position without assistance.
Increasingly colorful textures, for example, bamboo – regularly a bamboo and rayon blend – can be utilized on the home emergency clinic bed. They are commonly more costly than cotton sheets, yet the texture is delicate, sturdy, and as breathable as cotton.
Most clinic bed sheets are not waterproof. If they become wet or dirtied, they ought to be expelled and washed – one explanation toughness is such a significant thought. To secure the sleeping pad, it is recommended to utilize waterproof bedding spread under the sheet.
Importance of Good Quality Hospital Sheets
Typical problems that arise due to poor quality hospital bedsheets are skin shearing and bedsores. Skin shearing is caused by vulnerable parts of the body when the skin is made to rub against repeated friction. Bedsores or pressure ulcers are caused by long term pressure and friction, which can become extremely dangerous. These both are painful conditions.
One way to prevent these problems is to use a purpose engineered hospital mattress which treats the sores. Bed mattresses of good quality contain anti-friction panels, which also reduces the incidence of skin shearing and treats bedsores.
Classification of Hospital Linens
Hospital linens are classified on the basis of their use in different areas as follows:
- General Purpose Linens – This linen is not used for patient care. This includes curtains, drapes, table cloths, and other similar items generally used in all parts of the hospital.
- Patient Linens – These include patient’s clothing, shirts pajamas, and gowns and coats, etc.
- Ward Linens – Ward linens include patients’ bed clothing like bed sheets, pillow covers, and blankets used by the patient.
Procedure Room Linens – This category includes those used in OT, Procedure rooms, and Labor rooms by the surgeons OT personal and anesthetics like gowns, pajamas, shirts, kurtas, and coats, etc. It also includes surgical masks, gowns, caps, OT towels, and trolley covers used commonly in procedure rooms and labor rooms.
Hospitallinens can be classified on the basis of color as:
- Ward Linen – It should be white in color
- OT Linen – It should be green in color, including surgical gowns.
- Patient Linen – It should be blue in color.
Hospital linens are classified on the basis of purpose, such as:
- Linen For Housekeeping – These include curtains, drapes, and table cloths, etc.
- Patient Linen – Patient linens generally include body, bed, and OT linen.
- Staff Linen – Under this group, we include doctors’ and medical staffs’ aprons and gowns.
Hospital linens are classified on the basis of the degree of contamination as:
- Clean Linen – Includes clean and fresh linens
- Contaminated Linen – Includes those used by the patient
- Soiled Linen – Includes those exposed to blood and body fluids
The Laundry Cycle
The first critical step is to collect the dirty, soiled linens and then to sort them.
It is then transported in two ways: by collecting them on the trolley and taking to the laundry by elevators or by dumping them in linen chute, which is connected to the laundry directly.
Linens are sorted on the basis of the type of fabric, the color of the fabric, and degree of soiling.
How Are Linens Washed?
The washing depends upon four things varying as per fabric: Type of fabric, temperature, water level, and time.
Those who are less soiled require less temperature, water level, and time, while those who are more soiled require more temperature, water level, and time.
Hot water of 60-90*C is used to wash whites. These are cleaned separately from the colored ones, which require cold water of 30-40*C. The rate of chemical cleaning of the detergent is directly proportional to the temperature. The higher the temperature, the more quality of cleaning of the detergent. The detergent effectively removes the dirt.
After Wash Finishing
Fabrics are rinsed thoroughly to remove the residual soap particles. It is done using cold water with 13-20 gallons of water, depending upon the age of the machine. Its function is to remove the residual dirt and detergent. Water is then drained.
Fabrics are then dried, ironed, folded, stacked, and stored. Later they are transferred where they are required.
Dry Cleaning Is a Good Choice
Dry cleaning is the procedure by which clothes are washed by solvent other than water. Tetrachloroethane, also known as Perchloroethylene, is the most common chemical used for the purpose. Clothes are soaked in the chemical solvent. It is mainly used for the fabrics that are delicate and can be degraded while rough washing inside the washing machine.
Advantages of Dry Cleaning
Particular advantages of dry cleaning are that it is suitable or the clothes for which laundering is not done. It neither shrinks the fabric nor flattens the pile of materials such as velvet. Stains are more readily removed using dry cleaning, and colors also do not fade away.
Disadvantages of Dry Cleaning
Some disadvantages of dry cleaning are that it is an expensive process as compared to laundering. Chemicals used for the purpose may be harmful if inhaled. An unpleasant smell may be retained within the articles for a long time. Clothes dry cleaned need special care.
Special Care Of Linens
To take care of the linens, few important things should be kept in mind which include; storing linens in dry places, proper rinsing to avoid deposition of detergents, preventing the use of a large amount of washing soda and bleaching agent which can damage the linen, drying out the linens properly to avoid offensive smell that otherwise retains, not mixing infective linens with others, not using bleaching powder directly and not washing linens after overloading the machine.
Ways Of Linen Loss
Certain ways by which linens can be lost are; the patients may take it with them after being discharged, linens getting lost during patient transfer from one room to another, staff hoarding meaning staff may use it or other purposes like cleaning away the spilled liquids on the floors.
How to Prevent Loss?
Ways to prevent the loss of linens include introducing a linen automation system in which linen taken from the cart is tracked along the whole way. Only authorized people should be allowed to get hold of the linens. This can be done by using ID scan badges. Staff should be educated for the proper use of linens as most of it is lost due to misuse by the staff. Tracks should be kept of the employees when they took their uniforms and were they returned or not. Patients’ bags should be checked before exiting from the hospital.